Panorama, Culture, Shopping
If exploring archaeological sites is your passion, then you'll "dig" Ephesus! Considered one of the world's seven wonders, Ephesus began as an Ionian refuge and grew to be the second largest city in the Roman Empire and the site of a Christian Shrine (as referenced by Paul in his Letter to the Ephesians). You'll see the Vedius Gymnasium and the foundation of what must have been an enormous Stadium (the seats were removed to build the Byzantine city walls). Once you pass through the main gate, you can't help being drawn to the Arcadian Street, a marvellous marble colonnaded avenue. At one end the street leads to a small marsh; the other end leads to the dazzling Grand Theatre. Seating some 24,000 spectators, the Theatre is carved into the side of Mount Pion and was the site of the Festival of Artemis celebrated every April. Running before the Theatre is the Marble Road, follow the road to the Library of Celsus that was almost entirely reconstructed by Viennese archaeologists. The Library's carved facade hints at the regal architecture that once dominated Ephesus. Look toward the hill and you'll find the Temple of Hadrian, the Baths of Scholastikia and the Terrace Houses. Beyond that lies the Fountain of Traja and the Grotto of the Seven Sleepers. There will be some free time in a typical shop before returning to the ship.
What you need to know
Please note: The visits to the archaeological excavations take place on foot (approximately 2 hours) and guests are advised to wear comfortable shoes and clothing. Order of the walking and bus tours may be reversed.